Jaw reduction surgery
Table of contents:
Besides the forehead and eye area, the most significant characteristic of a feminine face is the overall contour. Which is, to a large extent, determined by the shape of the jaw. A prominent lower jaw gives the face a square, masculine look. A look considered unattractive by many females. Jaw reduction, also called jaw shaving or jaw feminization surgery can be a good solution as part of your Facial Feminization Surgery.
Gender of the jaw
The male jawbone is usually heavier built and tends to be wider, because of the muscles attached to the corners of the jawbone being larger. Female jaw lines run in a gentle curve from the earlobe to the chin. In males, it tends to drop down straight from the ear and then turn at a sharp angle towards the chin, creating a square appearance.
Feminizing the jaw
Having a jaw reduction can reduce the appearance and size of the jaw, making it rounder and more narrow at the square corners near the back of the jaw bone. Usually, this jaw feminization is combined with chin recontouring to create a harmonious balance of these two adjacent areas.
Patients over the age of 40 may experience some loose skin around the jaw or chin after a jaw reduction. This can be tightened after the original jaw shave procedure with a lower face-lift.
- General anaesthesia—General anaesthesia is usually required for jaw feminization surgery.
- Incisions—Incisions are all made intraorally, so no scars will be visible on the outside.
- Micro-saw—Marked areas of prominent bone are cut with a micro-saw, curving down from back to front, to achieve a well-rounded contour.
- Stitching—The wound is closed with self-dissolving stitches.
- Hospitalization—Most patients will spend two nights in the hospital following jaw reduction.
- Swelling—Swelling is to be expected and varies greatly from person to person. A special mask will cool the surface of your face and keep bruising, swelling and pain to a minimum. The swelling usually lasts a significant amount of time with these procedures. Swelling and bruising will peak 2-3 days after surgery. It takes six weeks to 3 months for most of the obvious swelling to leave. On average it takes about 6 months for every last bit of swelling to go down.
- Numbness—Most women experience temporary numbness.
- Work and sports—If you don’t mind being seen with the swelling, you may be able to return to your social activities 7 to 10 days after the surgery. You will have to wait until the third or fourth week before doing any hard work or physical exercise.
- Stitches in the mouth—The stitches are self absorbable. They dissolve in about two weeks time.
- Infection—Infection is possible but rare.
- Numbness— Partial numbness of part of the jaw because of mental nerve damage (is rare but possible).
- Asymmetry—Even though the surgeon marks the areas he is going to operate very carefully, there may be asymmetries. These can always be corrected afterwards.